Crimea - a classical karst area, it is not surprising that here was the most widely entertaining and romantic view of sport - the cave tourism. In 1958, the Institute of Mineral Resources has been in Simferopol the first in the country section Speleotourism. In 1962, at Ai-Petri, the first all-union gathering of cavers, which was attended by 110 representatives from 14 cities in the country. A well-known researcher of underground spaces VN Dublyansky believes that the term 'spelunking' (from the Greek 'speleon' - 'cave') was proposed in 1890 by French archaeologist Emile Riviera. Professor V. Dublyansky deepened the definition of caving in the following way: "One of Sciences land, which studies the origin, development, geological, hydrological, and microclimatic features of caves and their fauna and techniques of penetration into the ground and work in underground conditions. " The most common and both the most grandiose cave - Karst formed by dissolution of natural water rocks.
Karst caves are usually divided into three groups: sporting, public and equipped. Sports Caves abound in natural obstacles and the need for research is not only special equipment, but also a profound knowledge, special skills and abilities. Public caves are shallow wells or tilt-horizontal caves to visit that do not require long-term athletic training and special equipment. Equipped with specially adapted to cave tours mass, protecting people from deceit caves and caverns of protecting human barbarism. Most of the Crimean caves is essential to expand human knowledge in the field of geology, archeology and paleontology.